Cottesmore is one of the largest villages in Rutland but this has not always been the case. It enlarged in the late 19th century but gained its pre-eminence with the advent of the RAF in the late 1930s and subsequent development after the Second World War. It has continued to expand and the former RAF Station, now Kendrew Barracks, could be said to dominate the village in geographical and population terms. However the direct impact on the village would appear to be relatively modest with little intrusion on daily life. In terms of historical records of the 16th and 19th centuries many of the other villages such as Ashwell, Empingham and Exton were mentioned more frequently.
Of the village itself, like many villages, its physical bearing is dominated by the Church which can be seen from all corners of the village and has a reassuring presence, particularly at night when it is lit up. The Church, St Nicholas, is a grade II* listed building and dates from the 12th century although much has been added since. Another notable building is the Sun Inn.
The village can be described in three major sectors; the core including the church and the pub, the area between Rogues Lane and Kendrew Barracks, and the development just off the Ashwell Road. Here we are concentrating on the village core as this is where the historic development has taken place.
Within the village there are 27 listed structures most of which are domestic buildings. Nearly all of them date from the 18th and 19th centuries, the major exception being St Nicholas Church. There are also a few notable buildings that are not listed but are thought to be of importance for the village. They are the old Rectory, just behind the Church and the Anchorage on Main Street.
Here we are looking at six buildings:
- St Nicholas Church
- 42 Main Street
- Cottesmore hall
- The Grange
- The Old Rectory, and
- The Anchorage
Others will be mentioned as they substantially added to the fabric of the town together with a few building that no longer exist that played a part in the life of the village including the air-raid shelters of the Second World War.